In freediving there are more than 10 disciplines. Here is the short version and the freedive records in the six freediving disciplines acknowledged by AIDA:
Freediving world records
|Discipline||World record men||World record women|
|STA||As long time as possible||11.35 minutes, Stephane Mifsud, France, 2009.||9.02 minutes, Natalia Molchanova, Russia, 2013|
|DYN||Distance covered on one breathe with monofin||281 meters, Goran Colak, Croatia, 2013.||234 meters, Natalia Molchanova, Russia, 2013|
|DNF||Distance covered on one breath without monofin||225 meters, Goran Colak, Croatia, 2013||182 meters, Natalia Molchanova, Russia, 2013|
|CWT||Depth reached with monofin||128 meters, Alexey Molchanov, Russia, 2013||101 meters, Natalia Molchanova, Russia, 2011|
|CNF||Depth reached without monofin||101 meters, William Trubridge, New Zealand, 2010||69 meters, Natalia Molchanova, Russia, 2013|
|FIM||Depth reached pulling yourself down a rope.||121 meters, William Trubridge, New Zealand 2010||90 meter, Jeanine Grasmeijer, Netherlands, 2013|
Freedive record FAQ
When a freediver tells about his or her sport sooner or later they are asked one of the following questions:
- How long time can you hold your breath?
- For how long time can you stay under the surface?
- How deep can human dive on one breath?
- What is the world record in freediving?
- What is the record for holding your breath?
- Who can be the longest underwater?
- What is the depth of the record?
– and it isn’t as easy to answer these questions as you might think. First you would have to define the disciplines. But there are just more other things to consider. With or without fins? AIDA or CMAS? Freshwater or saltwater? Men or women?
Freediving is not just one discipline. Just as athletics there are a lots of disciplines within the field and therefore several freediving world records and world champions. The categories falls in to time, length and depth.
Time – how long can you hold your breath?
Static. One of the more mentally demanding disciplines. Hold your breath as long as possible. This disciplines is the simplest of all sports around the world: Do Nothing !
But even this discipline seems quite simple on a practical level, it is quite complicated mentally to achieve a good result. It is important to relax the entire body physically, but even more important to be mentally relaxed and focused. A good static performance is very much a collaboration between the body and mind. If you master the ability to be relaxed physically and mentally , it will affect all of your dives whether you dive deep, spearfish or snorkel for recreation.
Length – how far on one breath?
DYNAMIC ( DYN / DNF )
To swim as long a distance on one breath as possible. Most people have at one time tried to swim the longest in the swimming pool, maybe even competing with classmates and friends. The crucial aspect in dynamic, is the technique and using your oxygene in the most effective way. Stramlining, gliding and realxing while moving are really important. It is about finding an effective yet relaxing technique.
How deep can you go?
Constant Weight (CWT / CNF / FIM )
The most fascinating and demanding disciplines are the depthdisciplines. To dive as deep as possible on one breath. The diving takes place along a vertical rope and the athlete is attached to the rope with a “lanyard ” on the wrist. The dive takes place under its own power and without other aids than fins – or maybe even without fins in some disciplines.
In many ways the depthdisciplines dive combines the other disciplines, but add depth and pressure. Only if you master all the other disciplines and techniques and have a good equalizing technique you will succeed in deepdiving.